CSS Houdini: Present and Future of CSS
If we grow the language in these few ways [that allow extensibility], then we will not need to grow it in a hundred other ways; the users can take on the rest of the task. Guy Steele, Growing a Language, 1998 ACM OOPSLA
To translate the tech speak: Houdini will provide the hooks for developers to create their own content types in a performant way without having to wait for the working group to create specs for and browsers to implement.
Tab Atkins from the Chrome team presented about Houdini at CSS Day 2017. He does a much better job at explaining the APIs (expected since he's one of the editors).
Surma, from the Chrome team, created is Houdini ready yet? as a way to track what Houdini is working on and the status of these different projects. I've grouped the table into three categories for the list below:
Supported in (some) browser(s)
Future Looking (no specs currently available)
- Parser API
- Font Metrics API
Houdini APIs rely on Worklets, a separate specification. This spec provides the underpinnings for the other Houdini specifications.
Worklets are lightweight web workers that are better suited than the heavier workers for the kinds of work Houdini is intended for. You will see several different kinds of worklets that are specific for each API.